Jordan on Sunday called for swift international action to end what it sees as Israeli intransigence in Jerusalem.

This is Amman’s latest diplomatic initiative to reduce tensions that could affect the stability of the kingdom.

Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Al Safadi told his German counterpart Heiko Maas that “effective international measures to protect Jerusalem and its holy sites” were crucial.

Jerusalem is witnessing its worst violence in years following a new Israeli encroachment on the city, where Jordan has custody of major Muslim holy sites.

Much of the Jordanian population is of Palestinian origin, and the authorities do not want an outburst of violence leading to a further influx of Palestinian refugees.

“Israel bears responsibility for the dangerous escalation that the holy city is witnessing,” Al Safadi told Maas during a phone call.

More than 200 Palestinians were injured on Saturday when Israeli security troops fired rubber bullets and stun grenades at the crowd inside the compound of Al Aqsa Mosque, one of Islam’s holiest places.

They were angry at the possible eviction of Palestinian families from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah district, east of the city.

Protests have escalated in Sheikh Jarrah in recent weeks as dozens of residents have received eviction orders for Israeli settlers to move into their homes soon.

If the evictions continue, “the region would be heading for more escalation and more tension,” Al Safadi said.

Jordanian authorities have been more wary in recent years of any outbursts of violence that could lead to a new massive migration of Palestinians to Jordan after the waves of refugees of 1948 and 1967.

Officials have made it clear that if Israel is allowed to step up the pressure, another mass migration will make Jordan an “alternative homeland” for the Palestinians.

It would also allow Israel to escape its responsibility as an occupying power under international law, they say.

Jordan’s relationship with Israel is complex. In 1994, it was the second Arab country, after Egypt, to sign a peace treaty with Israel.

Jordan has been a staunch supporter of Palestinian claims to their own state in the West Bank and throughout East Jerusalem.

Authorities on Sunday allowed hundreds of people to demonstrate near the Israeli embassy in Amman.

They wanted the Jordanian ambassador to Israel to be recalled and the peace treaty to be canceled.

In a call with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on Sunday, Jordan’s King Abdullah said the kingdom would continue to coordinate with its “Arab brethren” and with influential powers to “put a limit on Israeli transgressions”.

King Abdullah told Abbas that Jordan rejects “attempts by the Israeli authorities to change the demographic situation in East Jerusalem and all measures aimed at changing the historical and legal status of the city,” the royal court said .

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